Humanistic Approaches to Positive Growth and Self-Acceptance


Never Again Begins With You….
The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

The Holocaust was the systematic, bureaucratic, state-sponsored persecution and murder of six million Jews by the Nazi regime and its collaborators. Holocaust is a word of Greek origin meaning “sacrifice by fire.” The Nazis, who came to power in Germany in January 1933, believed that Germans were “racially superior” and that the Jews, deemed “inferior,” were an alien threat to the so-called German racial community.

Compliance – Obedience – Conformity

World War II and the subsequent claims by those who carried out the Holocaust:
They were “just following orders.”

The subsequent claims of the German people:
“We Didn’t Know….”
“How Did You Not Know???”
Citizen’s Held Accountable:
German Citizens Forced to Tour Nazi Death Camp’s

Compliance – Obedience – Conformity
Some Were Neighbors….

Did the Jewish people comply?
Were the Jewish people obedient?
Did the Jewish people conform?

Why was the Eichman trial so important?
Why were the outcomes of Stanley Milgrams experiement so shocking?
What was the outcome of Phillip Zimbardo’s study?

The Bystander Effect:

The Holocaust is a great example of the bystander effect because the towns and cities near the concentration camps knew fully well of the atrocities and horror inside the camps. These citizens could smell the camps from as far as twenty miles away before finding them. Therefore, the mayhem could not be ignored. The populations made no effort to
stop the torture, yet they were forced to clean up the corpses and bury them in mass graves.

Germans were also victims of cultural ethical relativism, believing that if their government thought that genocide was ethically relative behavior in their culture, then they should comply. In other cases, with more people, individuals are less likely to take responsibility. They assume that someone else will intervene.

Jeanne Daman poses with Jewish children under her care in the Nos Petits kindergarten.

Biography: Jeanne Daman (later Scaglione) was a young Roman Catholic Belgian school tHolocaust Educatorseacher when the war began. After Jewish children were no longer permitted to attend regular public schools, Fela Perelman approached her and asked whether she would be willing to join the staff of Nos Petits, a Jewish kindergarten in Brussels. Jeanne was only 21 at he time. Not only did she respond positively, but she eventually became the headmistress of the school. When the deportation of Belgian Jews began in 1942, she helped find hiding places for 2,000 children. She also helped rescue many Jewish men by obtaining false papers for them. At the end of the war she became actively involved with the Belgian resistance transporting arms on her bike and providing intelligence for them. Immediately after the war she helped care for orphans, reunite families and raise funds for the United Jewish Appeal. She married University of California, Berekely professor Aldo Scaglione. She was honored for her work both by the king of Belgium and by Yad Vashem, who in 1971 recognized her as a Righteous Among the Nations.  
Photo: Belgian schoolteacher Jeanne Damon with some of the 2,000 Jewish children she placed with families who took the risk to help them. US Holocaust Memorial Museum, gift of Jeanne Daman Scaglione.  United States Holocaust Memorial Museum originally shared:


Personal History ID Cards Holocaust

Summary I

Summary II

Summary III

Summary IV

17 thoughts on “Holocaust

  1. Read and understood. It’s interesting to look and analyze the Holocaust psychologically. I agree that the Holocaust is a great example of bystander effect. I also think it’s helpful in understanding the relationship between behavior and consequences, authority and conformity, fear and power, etc.


  2. read and understood. Holocaust is the largest genocide to date. Great example of conformity, persuasion, by standing.


  3. Read and mostly understood. I have learned about the Holocaust in the past; through movies, books, personal experiences and documentaries. Though the Jews did obey the Germans’ orders, the German officers/soldiers were all bystanders and didn’t do anything to try and stop Hitler from what he was doing.


  4. Read and mostly understood. I have just finished reading a book called Night, it is written by a Holocaust survivor, Elie Wiesel. The book clearly delineates the horror inside the concentration camps and how Jews were dehumanized.


  5. Read and somewhat understood that the word holocaust derives from Greek and means “sacrifice.” It was hard and sad for me to watch the video to see how racism could provoke violence against humanity and there was no laws to stop it.


  6. i read it and found it interesting how all the different components of social psychology can be used to explain the holocaust in a different way where it assesses the people


  7. Read and somewhat understood. I have learned about the Holocaust in the past, and I have also watched numerous movies on it!


  8. The Holocaust was definitely one of the most horrendous acts portrayed by a country genocide does go on around the world but to be systematic and scientific about executions methods is really bizarre and freighteing i believe IBM even had a role in the Holocaust but what about the United States and its harboring of nazi scientists ? Such as operation paper clip they helped us launch our first space shuttle so a lot of hypocrices for sure just a scary time for sure !


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